Diathermy is electrically induced heat or the use of high-frequency electromagnetic currents as a form of physical or occupational therapy and in surgical procedures. Short wave diathermy machines use two condenser plates that are placed on either side of the body part to be treated. Another mode of application is by induction coils that are pliable and can be molded to fit the part of the body under treatment. As the high-frequency waves travel through the body tissues between the condensers or the coils, they are converted into heat. The degree of heat and depth of penetration depend in part on the absorptive and resistance properties of the tissues that the waves encounter. Short wave diathermy usually is prescribed for treatment of deep muscles and joints that are covered with a heavy soft-tissue mass. Diathermy is commonly used for muscle relaxation, and to induce deep heating in tissue for therapeutic purposes in medicine.
Common Treatment Indications :
Hip Trochanteric bursitis, Shoulder bursitis, IT band, Lumbar spine regional pain, muscle spasms.