Spinal Decompression Therapy involves stretching the spine, using a traction table or similar motorized device, with the goal of relieving back pain and/or leg pain. This procedure is called nonsurgical decompression therapy (as opposed to surgical spinal decompression, such as laminectomy and microdiscectomy). Decompression therapy is applied with the goals of relieving pain and promoting an optimal healing environment for bulging, degenerating, or herniated discs. Also used to help relax and alleviate pain from spastic or tense neuromuscular structures.
Theoretical effects of traction include : 1) Create a negative intradiscal pressure to promote retraction or repositioning of the herniated or bulging disc material, & 2)Create a lower pressure in the disc that will cause an influx of healing nutrients and other substances into the disc.